COP@HOME: quiz answers and sources

Quiz answers, sources and further information on facts and figures cited in our COP@HOME pack.

Quiz answers

Gilbert's Game

Word: Carbon dioxide (CO2)

  • Clue: The concentration of this in our atmosphere, measured July 2021, is the highest it’s been in human history.
  • Clue 2: It’s the biggest type of emissions.
  • Clue 3: It’s a gas containing carbon and oxygen combined.

Word: Deforestation

  • Clue 1: A word used to describe what we do to trees.
  • Clue 2:  An area larger than Belgium is lost every year.
  • Clue 3: What happens when areas are lost for other uses such as agricultural croplands, urbanization, or mining activities.

Word: Greta Thunberg

  • Clue 1: A Swedish activist.
  • Clue 2: This person sailed in a zero-emission yacht for two weeks across the Atlantic to get to New York for the UN’s Climate Action Summit.
  • Clue 3: Has been included in Time’s 100 most influential people list.

Word: Forest fires

  • Clue 1: Unplanned, unwanted natural disasters in areas of combustible vegetation.
  • Clue 2: They release carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere, exacerbating global warming.
  • Clue 3: Can be triggered by a natural occurrence such as weather conditions, or human intervention.

Word: COP26

  • Clue 1: Involving around 190 world leaders, this could be a pivotal moment in the fight against climate change.
  • Clue 2: This event is possibly the world’s final chance to get runaway climate change under control.
  • Clue 3: It’s being held in Glasgow.

Word: Fossil fuels

  • Clue 1: Non-renewable fuels, including coal, oil, and natural gas, found in the earth’s crust.
  • Clue 2: China, USA and India are the largest consumers of these fuels.
  • Clue 3: They are formed from geologic processes acting on organic matter over the course of millions of years.

Countries on climate change

Country: USA

  • This country’s previous leader called climate change ‘a hoax’. They announced in 2017 they would drop out of the Paris Agreement.

Country: Russia

  • This fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gas finally agreed to the Paris Agreement in 2019. They agreed to regulate their emissions for the first time.

Country: China

  • This country gave subsidies to the electric car manufacturing industry. In 2018 their people bought 1.1 million electric cars, more than the rest of the world combined.

Country: UK

  • This country declared a climate emergency in 2019. They are also the host of COP26.

Sources

Section: What is COP26?

Source: UN Climate Change Conference UK 2021, ukcop26.org


Section: Did you know?

Facts

  • The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2)​​​​​​​ in our atmosphere, measured July 2021, is the highest it’s been in human history
  • 11% of all global greenhouse gas emissions caused by humans are due to deforestation

Source: Conservation International, www.conservation.org/stories/11-climate-change-facts-you-need-to-know#references

Fact

  • An area of forest larger than Belgium is lost every year

Source: Conservation International, www.conservation.org/stories/11-deforestation-facts-you-need-to-know

Fact

  • Greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are responsible for approximately 1.1°C of warming since 1850-1900

Source: IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (pages 7 and 8), www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/#SPM
Further information: www.ipcc.ch/2021/08/09/ar6-wg1-20210809-pr

Fact

  • The past six years, including 2020, have been the six warmest on record

Source: WMO State of the Global Climate 2020 (page 7), library.wmo.int/doc_num.php?explnum_id=10618

Fact

  • Average wildlife populations have dropped by 60% in just over 40 years

Source: WWF Living Planet Report 2018, www.worldwildlife.org/pages/living-planet-report-2018
Further information: www.worldwildlife.org/press-releases/wwf-report-reveals-staggering-extent-of-human-impact-on-planet


Section: Gilbert’s Game

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

  • The concentration of this in our atmosphere, measured July 2021, is the highest it’s been in human history

Source: Conservation International, www.conservation.org/stories/11-climate-change-facts-you-need-to-know#references

Deforestation

  • An area larger than Belgium is lost every year across the globe

Source: Conservation International, www.conservation.org/stories/11-deforestation-facts-you-need-to-know

Greta Thunberg

  • This person sailed in a zero-emission yacht for two weeks across the Atlantic to get to New York for the UN’s Climate Action Summit.

Further information: United Nations, news.un.org/en/story/2019/08/1045161

  • Has been included in Time’s 100 most influential people list.

Further information: Time, time.com/5793801/greta-thunberg-100-women-of-the-year

Forest fires

Further information: National Geographic, www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/wildfires

COP26

Further information: UN Climate Change Conference UK 2021, ukcop26.org

Fossil fuels

  • China, USA and India are the largest consumers of these fuels.

Source: Statista, Global primary energy consumption by country 2020, www.statista.com/statistics/263455/primary-energy-consumption-of-selected-countries


Section: Listen Live

Further information: ukcop26.org/the-conference/green-zone-programme-of-events


Section: Climate Change Jargon Buster

Climate Change

  • The change to the earth’s temperature. Human activity has made average temperatures rise much faster than they would naturally.

Source: IPCC Special Report: Global Warming, www.ipcc.ch/sr15/chapter/chapter-1

Greenhouse Gases

  • This is 80% carbon dioxide (CO2), but also includes methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases. They exist naturally, but humans make more of them.

Source: EPA, www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/overview-greenhouse-gases

Renewable Energy

  • Energy created from quickly replaced sources. The major types of renewable energy sources are biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind and solar.

Source: EIA, www.eia.gov/energyexplained/renewable-sources

Carbon Footprint

  • Measured as the impact your activities have on the amount of carbon dioxide produced through the burning of fossil fuels.

Source: WHO, www.who.int/world-health-day/toolkit/dyk_whd2008_annex1.pdf

Fossil Fuel

  • Fossil fuels (e.g., coal, oil, and natural gas) are created deep within the earth over millions of years, as dead plant and animal material gets buried in layers of rock. Heat and pressure transform this material into a fuel.

Source: National Geographic, www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/fossil-fuels


Section: Countries on climate change

Country: USA

  • This country’s previous leader called climate change ‘a hoax’. They announced in 2017 they would drop out of the Paris Agreement.

Source: www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-54797743

Country: Russia

  • This fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gas finally agreed to the Paris Agreement in 2019. They agreed to regulate their emissions for the first time.

Source: www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/russia-finally-getting-serious-climate-change

Country: China

  • This country gave subsidies to the electric car manufacturing industry. In 2018 their people bought 1.1 million electric cars, more than the rest of the world combined.

Source: chineseclimatepolicy.energypolicy.columbia.edu/en/electric-vehicles

Country: UK

This country declared a climate emergency in 2019. They are also the host of COP26.

Source: www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-48126677