How is my pension taxed?
You may need to pay tax on your retirement income. While we can’t personalise how much that might be, we can give you some general information around how tax works.
Your tax-free bits
Your tax-free cash
You’re entitled to take up to 25% of your total retirement savings tax-free. You can take this all in one go or as a series of smaller cash sums.
If you take all your tax-free entitlement in one go, you can’t leave your remaining 75% untouched in your plan. You’ll need to either buy a secure income or put the rest of your savings into a plan that offers you flexible access to your money – though you can choose not to take any income from it.
With flexible access, your savings stay invested in your plan. While this means they can continue to grow, it also means they can fall in value. So you could get back less than you started with.
Your Personal Allowance
The government allows you to receive a certain level of income each year, without taxing you. It’s called your ‘Personal Allowance’.
For the tax-year 2018/2019, the standard Personal Allowance is £11,850. This can be subject to change.
Any tax-free cash you take doesn’t count towards your Personal Allowance.
Your taxable bits
The table below shows the income tax bands for a UK taxpayer* with the standard Personal Allowance.
As you can see, someone with a standard Personal Allowance wouldn’t pay any tax if their total income from all sources during the year was less than £11,850. The table also highlights how taking large sums of cash from your retirement savings could push you into a higher rate tax bracket – meaning you’d hand more of your savings to the taxman.
Tax treatment depends on your individual circumstances and can be subject to change.
*If you’re a UK taxpayer living in Scotland, please visit hmrc.gov.uk to find the tax rates which apply to you.
Make your money work smarter
A financial adviser will be able to give you a personal view of how your retirement income will be taxed. They can look at all the income you have coming in and help you make the most from your tax-free allowances.