03 April 2019

Half a million workers past pension age may be paying unnecessary tax on their state pension

7 min read

 
Steve Webb - Director of Policy

Steve Webb

Director of Policy, Royal London

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New research published today (Weds 3rd April) by mutual insurer Royal London has found that large numbers of people working past state pension age could be paying unnecessary tax on their state pension. 

This is because they have failed to take up the option of deferring their state pension until they stop work. As a result, the whole of their state pension is being taxed, in some cases at 40%. If they defer taking their state pension they will get a higher pension when they do retire, and their personal tax allowance will then cover all or most of their state pension, dramatically reducing the amount of tax they have to pay on their pension.

Key findings of the research are:

  • In 2017 there were around 1.1 million people in the workforce aged 65 or over; of these, roughly 950,000 were combining paid work with drawing a state pension;
  • Out of this 950,000, more than half (around 520,000) were earning enough to take them over the tax threshold; this meant that the whole of their state pension was taxed;

Those who defer their state pension can get an extra 5.8% per year on their pension for the rest of their life for each year that they defer.   Comparing someone who draws their state pension immediately whilst going on working , with someone who waits for a year until they have retired before drawing their state pension, the research finds:

  • A man who defers for a year and has an average life expectancy at 65 of 86 will be around £3,000 better off over retirement than someone who takes his state pension immediately and pays more tax;
  • A woman who defers for a year and has an average life expectancy at 65 of 88 will be around £4,000 better off;  as well as the tax advantage, she also enjoys two extra years of pension at the higher rate;

All is not lost for those who have started to draw their state pension as they have the option of ‘un-retiring’ – they can tell the DWP to stop paying their state pension and then resume receiving it at a higher rate when they stop work.

Royal London is calling on the Government to make people more aware of the option of deferring their state pension, especially those who are working past state pension age.

Steve Webb, Director of Policy at Royal London said:

“There has been a huge increase in the number of people working past the age of 65, and this research finds that most of these people are claiming their state pension as soon as it is available.   For around half a million workers, this means every penny of their state pension is being taxed, in some cases at the higher rate.  If their earnings are enough to support them, it makes sense to consider deferring taking a state pension so that less of their pension disappears in tax.  A typical woman could be around £4,000 better off over the course of her retirement by deferring for a year until she has stopped work, and a typical man could be £3,000 better off.   Those who have worked hard to build up a state pension through their working life do not want to see a big chunk of it disappear in unnecessary taxation.  The Government should be doing more to alert this group to the option of deferring, as current publicity is clearly not working”.

Notes to editors:

  1. Royal London Policy Paper 33 – ‘Are half a million people paying unnecessary tax on their state pension?’ is available from www.royallondon.com/policy-papers. The analysis is based on the Family Resources Survey for 2016/17 which is a representative sample of nearly 20,000  households from across the United Kingdom.

      2.The following chart, shows trends in the number of people aged 65 or over who are in employment since the early 1990s:

Figure 1. Number of people (thousands) aged 65 or over in employment / self-employment 1992-2018

For further information please contact:

Steve Webb, Director of Policy, Royal London

About Royal London

Royal London is the largest mutual life, pensions and investment company in the UK, with funds under management of £130 billion, 8.8 million policies in force and 4,046 employees. Figures quoted are as at June 2019.

At Royal London, we’re proud to champion the value of impartial advice. We believe it plays a crucial role in connecting people with the products that are right for them – and is key to delivering better outcomes and experiences for our customers. At the same time, it helps to build trust in our products and services.

Royal London works alongside advisers not in competition with them. That’s why we’ve made some key commitments to the intermediary market. You’ll find more detail on our commitment to advisers at http://adviser.royallondon.com/campaigns/our-commitments/