The Bereavement Gender Divide
10 May 2016
New research from Royal London’s Losing a Partner report shows women suffer more financially and practically in the aftermath of losing a spouse or long-term partner.
The research found that half (51%) of bereaved women reported lower household income, compared to a third (35%) of men. Women also reported lower disposable income (45%) compared to men (24%).
The financial impact of bereavement leads to a wide variety of responses, with women again more likely to report having to take action. Around four in ten (44%) women had to cut back on discretionary spending such as holidays, compared to a third (35%) of men. Women were more likely to draw on savings or take out a loan, and more likely to spend less on household bills (including utilities) and less on everyday items. One of the more extreme financial impacts following the loss of a partner was downsizing or moving house. While just one in ten (10%) men downsize or move house, two in five (18%) women are forced to move home following a bereavement.
The practical impacts are a consequence of the tendency of all couples to split household tasks between them, often along traditional lines. Our research found evidence of this, revealing that bereaved men were overwhelmingly likely to say that their partner took charge of cooking, cleaning, washing and ironing before they died, whereas bereaved women said that their partner had taken charge of car maintenance, dealing with tradespeople, DIY, driving and technology. The sudden loss of this expertise leaves the surviving partner having to deal with these practical matters for the first time, while also coping with the emotional loss.
Overall, one in five (21%) women surveyed said they had made five or more financial changes, compared to only one in ten (11%) men. The financial impacts for both sexes last longer than expected, with a quarter (26%) reporting lower disposable income in the first year after bereavement, rising to two in five (42%) people one to three years after. Even three to five years after losing a spouse or partner, around a third (36%) still report lower disposable income.
Although losing a partner affects everyone, those reporting the least impact were those with the most plans in place. Those with specific plans in place, including life insurance, funeral plans and lasting power of attorney, were least likely to report reduced disposable income, lower savings or increased debt.
Simon Cox, spokesperson at Royal London, said:
“The research shows a clear bereavement gender divide, with women faring the worst. While we can’t prepare for every eventuality, and as difficult as it may be to talk about dying, having plans in place will help loved ones left behind be more financially secure and manage the everyday chores and tasks.”
The research and report are supported by the Dying Matters Coalition. Claire Henry, Chief Executive of Dying Matters, said “Losing someone we love is always horrible, but while we rightly focus on the emotional impact it is too easy to lose sight of the financial and practical impacts. This report shows how the financial impacts fall heavier on women, and last longer than people may expect.
“It also demonstrates the importance of making effective plans well before they are needed. Planning a funeral, making a will, arranging insurance and lasting power of attorney are good not just for our own piece of mind, but also help make things easier for those we leave behind.”
Debbie Kerslake, Chief Executive at Cruse Bereavement Care, said:
“When one of a couple dies, it's not just their physical absence and the emotional pain of the loss that is so hard to bear, it is also coping with the practical and financial impact at a time of such vulnerability. This report highlights the benefits of couples planning ahead and taking action. As well as addressing financial affairs this also includes thinking about how practical tasks are shared out. Anything that can help mitigate just some of the pain is to be welcomed.”
Alison Penny, Coordinator at Childhood Bereavement Network, said:
“We welcome Royal London’s report, which clearly shows the financial and practical challenges that accompany the death of a partner. For those with children still at home, there can be particular difficulties, especially if the couple weren’t married and so aren’t eligible for working age bereavement benefits. The report calls for organisations to support people to plan ahead: our Plan If campaign (www.planif.org.uk) helps parents of young children to do just that. Writing a will, appointing guardians, writing letters to a child can feel daunting, but these are the sort of practical and personal plans that can make life a little bit easier for children if their parent were to die before they grow up.”
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Notes to editors:
Research Now, on behalf of Royal London, surveyed 500 people who have been bereaved in the last five years between 24 September and 20 October 2015. The qualitative research comprised six in-depth interviews carried out by Trajectory Partnership, with people who had recently lost their partner, conducted in Croydon and Nottingham.
A link to the report can be found here: Losing a Partner report
For further information please contact:
020 7506 6585
About Royal London:
Royal London is the largest mutual life, pensions and Investment Company in the UK, with Group funds under management of £84.5 billion. Group businesses provide around 9.1 million policies and employ 2,988 people. (Figures quoted are as at 31 December 2015).